What are the advantages and disadvantages of each Varroa treatment method?

Varroa destructor, commonly known as Varroa mite, is a dreaded parasite of beekeepers worldwide. This external parasite feeds on the blood of bees and can weaken hives, making them more susceptible to diseases. If left uncontrolled, Varroa can lead to the death of the colony.

Fortunately, there are several Varroa treatment methods available to beekeepers. Each method has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to choose the method best suited to your needs.

The different Varroa treatment methods

Chemical treatments:

Chemical treatments are the most commonly used to fight against Varroa. Among them, we can mention amitraz, coumaphos, fluvalinate or oxalic acid.


Efficiency: Chemical treatments are generally very effective in eliminating parasites.

Ease of use: They are available in different forms (strips, sprays, etc.) and are therefore easy to use.


Toxicity: Chemical treatments can be toxic to bees and the environment.

Resistance: Parasites can develop resistance to chemical treatments, making their use less and less effective.

Biological treatments:

Biological treatments are methods of fighting against Varroa that use living organisms or natural substances. Among them, we can mention the use of organic acids (formic acid, lactic acid), fungi (Metarhizium anisopliae) or natural predators (such as wasps).


Less toxicity: Biological treatments are generally less toxic to bees and the environment than chemical treatments.

Less risk of resistance: Parasites have less risk of developing resistance to biological treatments.


Variable efficiency: The efficiency of biological treatments can vary depending on the climate, the bee colony, etc.

Need for skills: Biological treatments may require specific skills and knowledge to be used effectively.

Cultural methods:

Cultural methods are beekeeping practices that aim to strengthen the health and resistance of bee colonies against Varroa. Among them, we can mention the selection of resistant colonies, the use of hives with grilled bottoms, the reduction of the size of the colonies, etc.


Colony reinforcement: Cultural methods aim to strengthen the health and resistance of bee colonies, which can have beneficial long-term effects.

Less toxicity: Cultural methods do not require the use of chemical products.


Limited efficiency: Cultural methods may have limited efficiency against Varroa, especially if the colony is already heavily infested.

Need for skills: Cultural methods require specific skills and knowledge in beekeeping.

Integrated Varroa Management:


Integrated Varroa Management combines different treatment methods for a more sustainable approach to Varroa control.


Integrated Varroa Management may be more complex to implement than other methods.

The Stop Varroa Treatment


  • Quickly eliminates varroa in 24 hours.
  • Suitable for organic beekeeping and safe for bees.
  • Offers a 100% success guarantee with a satisfied or refunded policy.
  • Easy to apply directly on the frames with a sprayer.
  • Can be used all year round, in all weather and temperature conditions.
  • Economical, with one liter of treatment able to treat up to 20 hives


  • Requires repeated application
  • Less effective at low temperature
  • May not be suitable for all situations

Choosing the right Varroa treatment method

The choice of the best Varroa treatment method for your hives depends on several factors, such as the level of Varroa infestation, your budget and your beekeeping philosophy.

It is important to consult an apicultural veterinarian or another beekeeping expert for advice on the best Varroa treatment method for your specific needs.


In terms of fighting against Varroa, there is no perfect treatment method. Each one has its advantages and disadvantages, and their efficiency can vary depending on different factors. To choose the most suitable treatment method for your bee colony, it is therefore important to be well informed and to take into account all the elements at stake. In all cases, it is essential to regularly monitor the infestation of your colony and to act quickly if necessary.